Ever Wondered How The 29 States Of India Got Their Names?

By | April 17, 2018
Indian state names

Nobody ever wondered how each of the Indian states derived its name, isn’t it??  Many of the states have their origin in Sanskrit words. So, lets find out how they got their names:

#Jammu & Kashmir

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 Jammu gets its name from the ruler ‘Jambu Lochanand ‘Kashmir‘, means land desiccated from the water.  

#Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh gets its name from its location. Being located in the center, it is named as Madhya (meaning in the middle) of the country.


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Chattisgarh literally means 36 forts. Legend has it that the region, earlier located in the Dakshin Kosala region of Medieval India, had thirty-six ancient castles sprawled in the expanse.  


Jharkhand is also known as ‘Vananchal’. In Sanskrit Jhar is ‘forest’ and Khand is ‘land’.


The name Bihar has a Sanskrit origin and is derived from the word ‘Vihara’ which means ‘abode’.

#Uttar Pradesh

 Uttar Pradesh means ‘Northern Province’.


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The name Uttarakhand means ‘Northland’.


Maharashtra in Sanskrit means a ‘great nation’ from a combination of the words ‘Mah’ and ‘Rashtra’. 


Odisha  ‘Odra Desh’, named after the Odra people who inhabited the central part of the region.    


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Punjab translates to land of ‘five rivers’


Karanataka has been derived from Karu which means ‘lofty’ and Naad that means ‘land’.


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In Sanskrit Keralam is known as ‘the land added on’. As per one theory, Lord Parsurama reclaimed the land from the sea, hence the name added land.

#Tamil Nadu 

Tamil Nadu means the homeland of the Tamil people.

#Himachal Praadesh

Hima’ means ‘snow’ and ‘achal’ means ‘mountain’. The name translates to snow-capped mountains.


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Goa is centered around the Sanskrit word Gau meaning cow as per some theories. But it could also have a European or Portuguese connection, which is not verified though.


The name means the abode of God. ‘Hari’ means Vishnu and ‘ana’ means come..

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Rajasthan had been a land of Rajas. During British rule, it was referred as Rajputana – the land of Rajputs.


 Gujarat is named after the ‘Gurjars’ who ruled during the eighth century.


#Andhra Prasdesh

The Sanskrit meaning of Andhra is ‘South’. Tribes in the state were also originally called ‘Andhras’.


Assam is named after the ‘AHOMS’ who ruled over the area.

#Arunachal Pradesh

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 Sanskrit meaning of ‘Aruna’ is ‘dawn lit’ and ‘acha’ is ‘mountain’. Which further made Arunachal Pradesh.


Manipur is the land of jewels.


Meghalaya as the name suggests, is the abode of clouds (Megh – alaya).


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Kolkata formerly known as Calcutta, gains its roots from Goddess Kali. Land of Kali.  


It has been derived from two words ‘Mi’ that means people and ‘zo’ that means highlander.


Many theories are attached to it nomenclature while one of them states the etymology of the state comes from the king whose name was Tripur, who ruled the region.


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Sikkim has a Limbu origin where Su means new and Khyim means palace.


Nagaland means The Land of Nagas.


The name is derived from the word Telugu Angana, which means a place where Telugu is spoken.

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