From technologies to fancy gadgets we can’t think of living its all the gift of science. The extraordinary minds behind every invention who made our life more easier than we couldn’t have imagined. But there were few scientists from India who gave their contribution and introduced new theories and concepts to the world of science.
Here is the list of Indian scientists who are globally recognized:
#APJ Abdul Kalam
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam the 11th President of India, born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He worked mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India’s civilian space programme and military Mission Development Efforts. He was the project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near earth’s orbit in July 1980. He served his nation and his love for children were truly remarkable and also received many prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor. He is a true inspiration and pride for the nation.
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman the first Asian and first non-White to receive any Nobel Prize in the sciences, Born and raised in Tiruchirapalli. He discovered the phenomenon that “when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength”.
He was awarded Novel Prize In Physics and India honored him with its highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. India celebrates “National Science Day” on 28 February of every year to commemorate the discovery of the Raman effect.
Venkatraman Radhakrishnan member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and space scientist born in Tondaripet, Chennai. Radhakrishnan was one of the most respected Radio Astronomers in the world during his time, in that he was associated in one capacity or other with the world’s biggest radio telescopes.
It was not only in the field of astronomy that Prof. Radhakrishnan kept his mark but also in the designing and fabricating hang-gliders, micro-light aircraft, and sailboats. His original contributions in these fields were acknowledged by the Government of India. He has been honored with the second highest civilian award of India, the Padma Vibhushan, Nobel Prize In Chemistry.
Ramakrishnan is internationally recognized for determination of the atomic structure of the 30S ribosomal subunit.
#Satyendra Nath Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose best known for his work on Quantum Mechanics was born in Kolkata, West Bengal. He served on many research and development committees in sovereign India.
Bose became an adviser to the newly formed Council Of Scientific and Industrial Research. “Bose-Einstein Statistics” was the result derived by Bose laid the foundation of Quantum Statistics, and the new philosophical conception of the indistinguishably of particles, as acknowledged by Einstein and Dirac.
He has been honored with the second highest civilian award of India, the Padma Vibhushan. Not only in the field of science but he had a wide range of interests in varied fields including physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy, philosophy, arts, literature, and music.
Meghnad Saha an Indian Astrophysicist best known for his development of the Saha Ionization Equation was born in Shaoratoli, Dhaka. By studying the spectra of various stars, one can find their temperature and from that, using Saha’s equation, determine the ionization state of the various elements making up the star.
Saha also invented an instrument to measure the weight and pressure of solar rays. He was repeatedly and unsuccessfully nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Srinivasa Ramanujan was an Indian mathematician and autodidact was born in Tamil Nadu. He made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite theories, including solutions to mathematical problems considered to be unsolvable.
Ramanujan independently compiled nearly 3,900 results, Many were completely novel; his original and highly unconventional results, such as the Ramanujan Prime, the Ramanujan Theta Function have opened entirely new areas of work and inspired a vast amount of further research, Nearly all his claims have now been proven correct.
He has given his great contributions to mathematics. Ramanujan’s home state of Tamil Nadu celebrates 22 December (Ramanujan’s birthday) as ‘State IT Day’.
#Jagadish Chandra Bose
Sir Jagadish Chandra polymath physicist biologist biophysicist born in Munshigani. He subsequently made a number of pioneering discoveries in plant physiology he also performed a comparative study of the fatigue response of various metals and organic tissue in plants.
IEEE named him one of the fathers of radio science and was also considered the father of Bengali Science Fiction. He was awarded companion of the order of the Indian Empire and companion of the order of the star of India.